Based on archaeological evidence, between 35,000 BC and 30,000 BC Homo sapiens had migrated to the islands from eastern and southeastern Asia and had well-established patterns of hunting and gathering and stone toolmaking.
Because of this, the earliest forms of farming are sometimes attributed to Japan (Ingpen and Wilkinson) in 10,000BC, two thousand years before their widespread appearance in the Middle East.
After 1500 BC, the climate cooled, and populations seem to have contracted dramatically.
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