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Encyclopedia > Îles Éparses
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Scattered Islands
Clipperton Island

The Scattered Islands in the Indian Ocean (in French Îles éparses de l'océan indien) are five islands of the Indian Ocean with no permanent population, Bassas da India, Europa, Juan de Nova, Glorioso, and Tromelin. They are collectively administered by the prefect of the département of the Réunion on behalf of the government of France, under the authority of the ministry for oversea possessions. Metropolitan (i. ... France is divided into 26 régions: 21 of these are in the continental part of metropolitan France, one is Corse on the island of Corsica (although strictly speaking Corse is in fact a territorial collectivity, not a région, but is referred to as a région in common... Région doutre-mer, or Overseas regions, is a recent designation given to the départements doutre-mer which have similar powers to those of the régions of metropolitan France. ... The départements (or departments) are administrative units of France, roughly analogous to British counties and are now grouped into 22 metropolitan and four overseas régions. ... Under the 1946 Constitution of the Fourth Republic, the French colonies of Guadeloupe, Martinique and French Guiana in the Caribbean and Réunion in the Indian Ocean became départements doutre-mer (Overseas departments) or DOMs. ... The 100 French départements are divided into 342 arrondissements. ... The canton is an administrative division of France. ... A communauté urbaine (Urban Communauty in English) is the higher degree of intercommunal cooperation in France. ... A communauté dagglomération is an administrative division in France, larger than a commune, but smaller than a département. ... The commune is an administrative division of France. ... The municipal arrondissement (French: arrondissement municipal), more simply referred to as arrondissement, is a level of administrative division in France lower than the commune. ... A Territoire doutre-mer (TOM, French for Overseas territory) is an administrative divisions of France. ... Clipperton Island (locally known as Île Clipperton and sometimes Île de la Passion) is an uninhabited seven-square-kilometer coral atoll in the North Pacific Ocean, 1,300 km southwest of Mexico, at 10°18′ N 109°13′ W. It is a possession of France administered from French Polynesia by... The word prefect can refer to any of a number of types of official, including: in Latin, praefectus: a high-ranking military or civil official in the Roman Empire; the title now attaches to the heads of some departments of the Roman Curia, who are traditionally Cardinals, and if they... Réunion is an island, as well as an overseas département (département doutre-mer, or DOM) of France, located in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar. ... The French Republic or France (French: République française or France) is a country whose metropolitan territory is located in western Europe, and which is further made up of a collection of overseas islands and territories located in other continents. ...


The islands have been classified as natural reserves. They support meteorological stations. Those stations, especially the one on Tromelin island, are of capital interest for the prevision of cyclones threatening Madagascar, Réunion or Mauritius. In meteorology, a cyclone is the rotation of a volume of air about an area of low atmospheric pressure. ... Madagascar is an island nation in the Indian Ocean, off the eastern coast of Africa. ... Réunion is an island, as well as an overseas département (département doutre-mer, or DOM) of France, located in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar. ... The Republic of Mauritius is an island country in the southwest Indian Ocean, about 900 km east of Madagascar. ...

Contents

Bassas da India

Bassas da India, located at 21°30′ S 39°50′ E (http://kvaleberg.com/extensions/mapsources/index.php?params=21_30_S_39_50_E_), form an uninhabited group of Indian Ocean islands off the southern coast of Africa in the southern Mozambique Channel, about half-way between Madagascar and Mozambique. Their surface area totals 0.2 km², with a combined coastline 35.2 km in length. Map of Bassas da India. ... The Indian Ocean is the third-largest body of water in the world, covering about 20% of the Earths water surface. ... A small island in the Adriatic sea An island is any piece of land smaller than a continent and larger than a rock, that is completely surrounded by water. ... World map showing location of Africa A satellite composite image of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest continent in both area and population, after Asia. ... The Mozambique Channel is a portion of the Indian Ocean between the island of Madagascar and southeast Africa. ... Madagascar is an island nation in the Indian Ocean, off the eastern coast of Africa. ... Mozambique is also the name given to a style of music from the 1960s, an advanced rumba by Peyo el AfroCán Mozambique is a country in Southern Africa, bordering South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe. ...

Map

They have since 1897 been a possession of France, and are also claimed by Madagascar. Download high resolution version (946x646, 115 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (946x646, 115 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Events January 1 - Brooklyn, New York merges with New York City. ... The French Republic or France (French: République française or France) is a country whose metropolitan territory is located in western Europe, and which is further made up of a collection of overseas islands and territories located in other continents. ... Madagascar is an island nation in the Indian Ocean, off the eastern coast of Africa. ...


The islands are a maritime hazard since they are usually under water during high tide (highest point is only 2.4 m) and surrounded by reefs. They are also subject to periodic cyclones. In meteorology, a cyclone is the rotation of a volume of air about an area of low atmospheric pressure. ...


The islands are part of an atoll and emerge from a circular reef that sits atop a long-extinct, submerged volcano. Their terrain consists wholly of volcanic rock. The local climate is tropical. The islands have no ports and harbours, only offshore anchorages, and no agricultural and economic activity. Atoll in the western pacific ocean For the programming language, see ATOLL programming language. ... This article is about volcanoes in geology. ... Map of the climate of the Earth The climate (ancient Greek: κλίμα) is the weather averaged over a long period of time. ... The tropics are the geographic region of the Earth centered on the equator and limited in latitude by the two tropics: the Tropic of Cancer in the north and the Tropic of Capricorn in the southern hemisphere. ...




Europa

Europa Island (French: Île Europa) is a 28 km² tropical island in the Mozambique Channel, about one-half of the way from southern Madagascar to southern Mozambique, at 22°20′ S 40°22′ E (http://kvaleberg.com/extensions/mapsources/index.php?params=22_20_S_40_22_E_). It has 22.2 kilometers of coastline, but no ports or harbors, only offshore anchorage. Map of Europa. ... A small island in the Adriatic sea An island is any piece of land smaller than a continent and larger than a rock, that is completely surrounded by water. ... The Mozambique Channel is a portion of the Indian Ocean between the island of Madagascar and southeast Africa. ... Madagascar is an island nation in the Indian Ocean, off the eastern coast of Africa. ... Mozambique is also the name given to a style of music from the 1960s, an advanced rumba by Peyo el AfroCán Mozambique is a country in Southern Africa, bordering South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe. ...

Map

It is covered by mangrove forests and woodlands and has a wildlife sanctuary, but negligible natural resources. Download high resolution version (948x442, 63 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (948x442, 63 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ...


The island has been a possession of France since 1897, but is also claimed by Madagascar. Its data code is EU. The French Republic or France (French: République française or France) is a country whose metropolitan territory is located in western Europe, and which is further made up of a collection of overseas islands and territories located in other continents. ... Madagascar is an island nation in the Indian Ocean, off the eastern coast of Africa. ...



The island has no indigenous inhabitants and no economic activity, though there is a small French military garrison which staffs a meteorological station, and a single unpaved airstrip about 1000 meters long.




Glorioso

The Glorioso Islands (French: Îles Glorieuses) are an uninhabited 5 km² group of islands in the Indian Ocean at 11°30′ S 47°20′ E (http://kvaleberg.com/extensions/mapsources/index.php?params=11_30_S_47_20_E_), northwest of Madagascar. It is a French possession since 1892, but also claimed by Madagascar. Map of the Glorioso Islands. ... French (français, langue française) is one of the most important Romance languages, outnumbered in speakers only by Spanish and Portuguese. ... A small island in the Adriatic sea An island is any piece of land smaller than a continent and larger than a rock, that is completely surrounded by water. ... The Indian Ocean is the third-largest body of water in the world, covering about 20% of the Earths water surface. ... Madagascar is an island nation in the Indian Ocean, off the eastern coast of Africa. ...

Map
Satellite image of the islands

The Glorioso Islands are composed of two lushly vegetated coral islands (Île Glorieuse and Île du Lys) and three rock islets. A military garrison operates a weather and radio station on Île Glorieuse. The islands are also visited by scientists. Download high resolution version (896x550, 102 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (896x550, 102 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1229x661, 36 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1229x661, 36 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ...


The climate is tropical and the terrain is low and flat, varying from sea level to 12 m. This islands are entirely covered by lush vegetation and coconut palms. There is an unpaved aiport and offshore anchorage. Binomial name Cocos nucifera L.. The Coconut Palm (Cocos nucifera L.), is a member of the Family Arecaceae (palm family). ...




Juan de Nova

Juan de Nova Island

Juan de Nova Island (locally Île Juan de Nova) is a 4.4 km² low, flat, tropical island in the Mozambique Channel, about one-third of the way between Madagascar and Mozambique at 17°03′ S 42°45′ E (http://kvaleberg.com/extensions/mapsources/index.php?params=17_03_S_42_45_E_). Map of Juan de Nova. ... The tropics are the geographic region of the Earth centered on the equator and limited in latitude by the two tropics: the Tropic of Cancer in the north and the Tropic of Capricorn in the southern hemisphere. ... A small island in the Adriatic sea An island is any piece of land smaller than a continent and larger than a rock, that is completely surrounded by water. ... The Mozambique Channel is a portion of the Indian Ocean between the island of Madagascar and southeast Africa. ... Madagascar is an island nation in the Indian Ocean, off the eastern coast of Africa. ... Mozambique is also the name given to a style of music from the 1960s, an advanced rumba by Peyo el AfroCán Mozambique is a country in Southern Africa, bordering South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe. ...

Satellite image of the island
Map

It is a possession of France administered by a high commissioner of the Republic in Réunion and defended by France, but is also claimed by Madagascar. Its data code is JU. Its only railway is a short line going to a jetty, it has no ports or harbors, offshore anchorage only, and only one airport, an unpaved strip about 1000 meters long. Download high resolution version (1229x661, 45 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1229x661, 45 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (932x490, 79 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (932x490, 79 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The French Republic or France (French: République française or France) is a country whose metropolitan territory is located in western Europe, and which is further made up of a collection of overseas islands and territories located in other continents. ... Réunion is an island, as well as an overseas département (département doutre-mer, or DOM) of France, located in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar. ... The French Republic or France (French: République française or France) is a country whose metropolitan territory is located in western Europe, and which is further made up of a collection of overseas islands and territories located in other continents. ... Madagascar is an island nation in the Indian Ocean, off the eastern coast of Africa. ...


The island has no indigenous population, though there is a small military garrison and a meteorological station. 90% of the island is a forested wildlife sanctuary. Its only exploitable natural resources are guano deposits and other fertilizers. 12,000 tons of guano are mined per year. The nest of the Guanay cormorant is made of guano Guano (from the Quechua wanu) is the name given to the collected droppings of seabirds and bats. ... The nest of the Guanay cormorant is made of guano Guano (from the Quechua wanu) is the name given to the collected droppings of seabirds and bats. ...




Tromelin

Tromelin Island

Tromelin Island (French: Île Tromelin) is an uninhabited one km² island in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar (Geographic coordinates 15°52′ S 54°25′ E (http://kvaleberg.com/extensions/mapsources/index.php?params=15_52_S_54_25_E_)). First explored by the French in 1776, the island came under the jurisdiction of Réunion in 1814. It is now a possession of France but not a part of the départment of Réunion. The island is also claimed by Mauritius. Map of Tromelin Island. ... French (français, langue française) is one of the most important Romance languages, outnumbered in speakers only by Spanish and Portuguese. ... A small island in the Adriatic sea An island is any piece of land smaller than a continent and larger than a rock, that is completely surrounded by water. ... The Indian Ocean is the third-largest body of water in the world, covering about 20% of the Earths water surface. ... Madagascar is an island nation in the Indian Ocean, off the eastern coast of Africa. ... Réunion is an island, as well as an overseas département (département doutre-mer, or DOM) of France, located in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar. ... The Republic of Mauritius is an island country in the southwest Indian Ocean, about 900 km east of Madagascar. ...

Map
Satellite image of the island

At present, it serves as a sea turtle sanctuary and is the site of an important meteorological station. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1219x652, 35 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1219x652, 35 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ...


The island has no ports or harbors and offers offshore anchorage only. As of 2003, there was one airport with an unpaved runway under 914 meters long. The terrain is low, flat, and sandy with scattered bushes. The elevation varies from sea level to 7 meters. AirPort is a wireless networking protocol from Apple Computer designed for both Macintosh and PC computers. ...




See also

Metropolitan (i. ... Indian Ocean Islands The following islands are in the Indian Ocean Réunion - (Overseas department and region) Mayotte - (Overseas collectivity entitled departmental collectivity) Scattered Islands in the Indian Ocean (all five have no permanent population) Bassas da India Europa Island Glorioso Islands Juan de Nova Island Tromelin Island French Southern...

Related links

  • Official site (http://www.outre-mer.gouv.fr/outremer/front?id=outremer/decouvrir_outre_mer/les_iles_eparses_1049904806609)

 
 

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