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Encyclopedia > Örnsköldsvik

Örnsköldsvik is a town and a 6,418.3 km² large Municipality in Västernorrland County in northern Sweden. The total population of the municipality is around 55,702 people where about half of that lives in the central parts of Örnsköldsvik and the rest in the suburbs or smaller towns like Husum, Köpmanholmen or Mellansel. Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... The Municipalities or Kommuner represent the local level of self government in Sweden. ... Västernorrland County, or Västernorrlands län is a County or län in the north of Sweden. ... Situated at the northern entrance to the High Coast, Husum is located about 30 km north of Örnsköldsvik (about 600 km north of Stockholm), on the coast of northern Sweden. ...

Contents

Geography

The city is situated in the beginning of the "High Coast", which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The city is located around 100 km south of Umeå and 550 km north of Stockholm. The municipality is mainly forested with some farmland. The High Coast (Swedish: Höga Kusten) is a part of the Swedish coast on the Gulf of Bothnia, situated around Örnsköldsvik and notable for its beautiful scenery. ... UNESCO logo The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, commonly known as UNESCO, is a specialized agency of the United Nations system established in 1946. ... Elabana Falls is in Lamington National Park, part of the Central Eastern Rainforest Reserves World Heritage site in Queensland, Australia. ... Umeå  listen [˘ʉməoː] is a city and a municipality in Västerbotten County, in northern Sweden. ... Note: This page contains IPA phonetic symbols in Unicode. ...


History

Örnsköldsvik was founded as a market town in 1842 and became a city in 1894. As a city, the most important business was trade and heavy industry. In the surrounding villages (now incorporated parts of the city itself) two major industrial ventures raised, MoDo as a pulp/paper/lodging combinate and Hägglunds as a heavy industrial company. Even today the ancestors of these two companies are of huge importance for the city. M-Real (ex-MoDo) is running one of Europes largest pulp mills in Husum, 30 km north of the city while Hägglunds is split into several companies, owned mostly by British companies such as Alvis. 1842 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1894 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... The Vickers corporation, founded as the Vickers company in 1828, was a British manufacturer, primarily of military equipment. ...


The name comes from Governor Per Abraham Örnsköld (1762-1769). There are traces of human activity from as early as 7000-8000 years ago. 1762 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1769 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...


Education

In Örnsköldsvik there are at present local branches of two universities, Mid Sweden University and Umeå University. Umeå University Umeå University or Umeå universitet is a state university in Umeå, Sweden. ...


Notable natives

Peter Forsberg (born July 20, 1973 in Örnsköldsvik, Sweden) is a center/left winger for his hometown team, MODO Hockey. ... Markus Näslund Markus Näslund (born July 30, 1973, in Örnsköldsvik, Sweden) is a professional ice hockey player. ...

See also

MODO Hockey is an ice hockey team in Örnsköldsvik, Sweden. ... See also: 1976 Winter Olympics The 1976 Winter Paralympic Games were the first winter Paralympics. ...

External links

  • Örnsköldsvik (http://www.ornskoldsvik.se/) - Official site
  • Mid-Sweden University College (http://www.ind.mh.se/) at Örnsköldsvik
  • Umeå University (http://www.ovik.umu.se/) at Örnsköldsvik
  • Örnsköldsvik airport (http://www.lfv.se/site/airports/ornskoldsvik/eng/index.asp)

 
 

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