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Encyclopedia > Électricité de France

Électricité de France (EDF) is the main electricity generation and distribution company in France. It was founded on April 8, 1946 as a result of the nationalization of a number of electricity producers, transporters and distributors by the Communist Minister of Industrial Production Marcel Paul. Until November 19, 2004 it was a government corporation, but it is now a limited-liability corporation under private law (société anonyme). The government plans to float 30% of its shares on the stock market by the end of 2005, and retain 70% government ownership. The article on electrical energy is located elsewhere. ... The French Republic or France (French: République française or France) is a country whose metropolitan territory is located in western Europe, and which is further made up of a collection of overseas islands and territories located in other continents. ... April 8 is the 98th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (99th in leap years). ... 1946 was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... November 19 is the 323rd day of the year (324th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A corporation (usually known in the United Kingdom and Ireland as a company) is a legal entity (distinct from a natural person) that often has similar rights in law to those of a Civil law systems may refer to corporations as moral persons; they may also go by the name...

EDF held a monopoly in the distribution, but not the production, of electricity in France until 1999, when the first European Commission directive to harmonize regulation of electricity markets was implemented. 1999 is a common year starting on Friday of the Common Era, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... The European Commission (formally the Commission of the European Communities) is the executive of the European Union. ...

EDF is one of the world's largest producers of electricity. In 2003, it produced 22% of the European Union's electricity, primarily from nuclear power: 2003 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, and also: The International Year of Freshwater The European Disability Year Events January January 1 - Luíz Inácio Lula Da Silva becomes the 37th President of Brazil. ... The European Union or EU is an intergovernmental organisation of European countries, which currently has 25 member states. ... Nuclear power station at Leibstadt, Switzerland. ...

  • nuclear: 74.5%
  • hydro-electric: 16.2%
  • thermal: 9.2%
  • wind power and other renewable sources: 0.1%

Its 58 active nuclear reactors (in 2004) are spread out over 20 sites. They are comprised of 34 900MW reactors, 20 1300MW reactors, and 4 1450MW reactors. Hydroelectric dam diagram The waters of Llyn Stwlan, the upper reservoir of the Ffestiniog Pumped-Storage Scheme in north Wales, can just be glimpsed on the right. ... 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The EDF Group

EDF is present in Europe, South America, Africa and China. World map showing location of Europe A satellite composite image of Europe Europe is geologically and geographically a peninsula, forming the westernmost part of Eurasia. ...

Main partners

  • In Europe EDF owns parts or all of the following companies:
    • Austria : 100 % ASA Holding, 100 % Vero, 20 % Groupe Estag
    • Belgium : 100 % Semobis
    • France : 100 % C2, 100 % C3, 100 % EDF (Capital Invest., Dév. Env., Intern.), 100 % Immob. Wagram Étoile, 100 % Richemont, 100 % Sapar, 100 % Sofilo, 99,86 % Gérance Générale Foncière, 80 % Sté Invest, ??based in Austria??, 74,86 % Électricité de Strasbourg, 67 % Dalkia Invest., 51 % TIRU, 50 % Cerga, 50 % Edenkia, 50 % Dalkia Intern., 50 % Immob. PB6, 50 % SIIF Énergies, 34 % Dalkia Hdg,
    • Germany : 45,81 % of EnBW in 2002 (35,38 % in 2001), 100 % EDF Ostalbkreiss, 100 % EDF Weinsberg, 50 % RKI.
    • Holland : 100 % Finelex, 50 % Cinergy Holding
    • Hungary : 95,56 % Bert, 60,91 % Demasz
    • Italy :
      • 15 % Italenergiabis (holding de contrôle d' Edison) but only 2 % ??des droits de vote par décision du gouvernement italien??, seeNégociations EDF-ENEL
      • 100 % EDF Energia Italia which sells directly 2,2 TWh to Italy.
      • 100 % Fenice, 40 % Finei, 30 % ISE
    • Poland : 76,63 % Rybnik, 66,08 % Eck, 49,19 % ECW, 35,42 % Kogeneracja, 24,61 % Zielona Gora
    • Slovakia : 49 % SSE
    • Spain : 100 % Hispaelec
    • Sweden : 100 % Skandrenkraft, 36,32 % Groupe Graninge
    • Switzerland : 50 % Chatelot, 50 % Emosson, 14,25 % Groupe ATEL, 26,26 % Motor Colombus
    • United Kingdom : 100 % EDF Energy, created after the acquisition of Seeboard by London Electricity Group in July 2002, 100 % EDF Trading, 100 % EDF UK. EDF owns the British electricity company EDF Energy - a merger of London Energy, SWEB Energy and Seeboard Energy - which distributes 22% of Britain's electricity. Its call centres are based in London, Sunderland, Hove and Exeter.
  • In Africa:
    • Côte d'Ivoire : 50 % Azito O&M, 32,85 % Azito Energie
    • Egypt : 100 % Port Saïd, 100 % Port Suez
  • In the Americas:
    • Argentina : 100 % EASA, 90 % Edenor, 45 % Sodemsa, 22,95 % Edemsa
    • Brazil : 100 % Lidil, 94,79 % Light (Light Energy, Light Overseas Investment) (35,29 % in 2001), 90 % Norte Fluminense
    • USA : 50 % EnXco
    • Mexico : 100 % Central Anahuac, 100 % Central Lomas del Rey, 100 % Central Saltillo, 100 % Controladora del Golfo, 100 % Rio Bravo 4, 51 % Altamira
  • In Asia :
    • China : 85 % Synergie, 60 % Figlec, 19,6 % Shandong Zhonghua Power Cy
    • Vietnam : 56,25 % Mecco

The Republic of Austria (German: Republik Österreich) is a landlocked country in Central Europe. ... The Kingdom of Belgium (Dutch: Koninkrijk België, French: Royaume de Belgique, German: Königreich Belgien) is a country in Western Europe, bordered by the Netherlands, Germany, Luxembourg, France, and the North Sea. ... The French Republic or France (French: République française or France) is a country whose metropolitan territory is located in western Europe, and which is further made up of a collection of overseas islands and territories located in other continents. ... The abbreviation C2 can refer to: Coca-Cola C2, a soft drink launched by The Coca-Cola Company in 2004. ... Compagnie Financière Richemont SA is a Swiss luxury goods company that was founded in 1988 by the South African billionaire businessman, Anton Rupert. ... The Federal Republic of Germany (German: Bundesrepublik Deutschland) is one of the worlds leading industrialised countries, located in the heart of Europe. ... This article is about the region in the Netherlands. ... The Republic of Hungary (Magyar Köztársaság) or Hungary (Magyarország) is a landlocked country in Central Europe, bordered by Austria, Slovakia, Ukraine, Romania, Serbia, Croatia and Slovenia. ... For other uses, see Bert (disambiguation). ... The Italian Republic or Italy (Italian: Repubblica Italiana or Italia) is a country in southern Europe. ... The Republic of Poland, a democratic country with a population of 38,626,349 and area of 312,685 km², is located in Central Europe, between Germany to the west, the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south, Ukraine and Belarus to the east, and the Baltic Sea, Lithuania and... Motto: none Voivodship (Upper) Silesia Municipal government Rada Miasta Rybnika Mayor Adam Fudali Area 148 km² Population  - city  - urban  - density 141,374 (2003) none 955/km² Founded City rights 9th century before 1308 Latitude Longitude 50° 06 N 18° 33 E Area code +48 32 Car plates SR Twin towns... Extreme Championship Wrestling (ECW) was a groundbreaking and influential professional wrestling league, and was a stop for many popular wrestlers seen today. ... Motto: none Voivodship Lubusz Municipal government Rada Miasta Zielona Góra Mayor Bożena Ronowicz Area 58,3 km² Population  - city  - urban  - density 118 730 - 2047/km² Founded City rights 13th century 1323 Latitude Longitude 51°56 N 15°30 E Area code +48 68 Car plates FZ Twin towns Nitra Slovakia... National motto: None Official language Slovak Capital Bratislava President Ivan Gašparovič Prime Minister Mikuláš Dzurinda Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 126th 49,035 km² Negligible Population  - Total (2004)  - Density Ranked 103rd 5,379,455 109/km² Independence January 1, 1993 (division of Czechoslovakia) Currency Slovak koruna Time zone  - in summer CET... SSE is an abbreviation for Shenzhen Stock Exchange Sign Supported English, the use of British Sign Language with an English grammar. ... The Kingdom of Spain or Spain (Spanish and Galician: Reino de España or España; Catalan: Regne dEspanya; Basque: Espainiako Erresuma) is a country located in the southwest of Europe. ... The Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish: Konungariket Sverige  listen) is a Nordic country in Scandinavia, in Northern Europe. ... The Swiss Confederation or Switzerland is a landlocked federal state in Europe, with neighbours Germany, France, Italy, Austria and Liechtenstein. ... The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a country in western Europe, and member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the G8, the European Union, and NATO. Usually known simply as the United Kingdom, the UK, or (inaccurately) as Great Britain or Britain, the UK has four constituent... Greater London and the Regions of England. ... This is about the city of Sunderland in England. ... This article is about the English town of Hove. ... A number of other places have taken their names from Exeter The city of Exeter is the county town of Devon, in England, UK. It is located at 50° 43 25 N, 3° 31 39 W. In the 2001 census its population was recorded at 111,066. ... Côte dIvoire (often called Ivory Coast in English; see below about the name) is a country in West Africa. ... The Arab Republic of Egypt, commonly known as Egypt, (in Arabic: مصر, romanized Miṣr or Maṣr, in Egyptian dialect) is a republic mostly located in north-eastern Africa. ... Argentina is a country in southern South America, situated between the Andes in the west and the southern Atlantic Ocean in the east. ... You may want one of: European Aviation Safety Agency English Academy of Southern Africa, discussed in the article South African English This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil in Portuguese) is the largest and most populous country in South America, and fifth largest in the world. ... The word Usa has more than one meaning: U.S.A. - The United States of America The United States Army Usa, Oita - A city in Japan The USA cable network USA Today national daily newspaper The University of Southern Alabama goes by the initials U.S.A. The patriotic cheer... The United Mexican States or Mexico (Spanish: Estados Unidos Mexicanos or México; regarding the use of the variant spelling Méjico, see section The name below) is a country located in North America, bordered to the north by the United States of America, to the southeast by Guatemala and Belize, to... Altamira is a cave in Spain famous for its cave paintings. ... The Great Wall of China, stretching over 6,700 km, was erected beginning in the 3rd century BC to guard the north from raids by men on horses. ... The Socialist Republic of Vietnam is a country in Southeast Asia. ...

See also

This is a list of companies from France. ... Superphoenix (French: Superphénix or SPX) is a nuclear power station on the Rhône River at Creys-Malville in France, close to the border with Switzerland. ...

External link

  • EDF website (http://www.edf.fr)



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