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Encyclopedia > Édith Piaf
Édith Piaf
Édith Piaf

Édith Piaf (December 19, 1915 - October 11, 1963) was one of France's most beloved singers and a national icon. Her music reflected her tragic life, with her specialty being the poignant ballad presented with a heartbreaking voice. The most famous songs performed by Piaf were La Vie en Rose (1946), Milord (1959), and Non, Je Ne Regrette Rien (1960). Edith Piaf Guitar, Piano, Voice Scored for Piano/Vocal/Guitar. ... December 19 is the 353rd day of the year (354th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1915 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... October 11 is the 284th day of the year (285th in Leap years). ... 1963 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Savior Not Made By Hands (1410s, by Andrei Rublev) An icon (from Greek εικων, eikon, image) is an artistic visual representation or symbol of anything considered holy and divine, such as God, saints or deities. ... 1946 was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... 1959 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1960 was a leap year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ...

She was born Édith Giovanna Gassion in Paris, France; her mother worked as a cafe singer and her father was a well-known travelling acrobat. Abandoned by her mother, she was raised by her paternal grandmother, who ran a brothel in Normandy. From age 3 to 7, she was blind. As part of Édith Piaf's legend, she allegedly recovered her sight after her grandmother's prostitutes went to a pilgrimage to Saint Thérèse de Lisieux. Later she lived for a while with her alcoholic father, whom she left by age 16 to become a street singer in Paris. The Eiffel Tower has become a symbol of Paris throughout the world. ... Prostitution is the sale of sexual services (typically manual stimulation, oral sex, sexual intercourse, or anal sex) for cash or other kind of return, generally indiscriminately with many persons. ... Normandy is a geographical region in northern France. ... A pilgrimage is a journey by a religious person to a place that is sacred according to his or her religion. ... Saint Thérèse de Lisieux (January 2, 1873 – September 30, 1897), or more properly Sainte Thérèse de lEnfant-Jésus (Saint Thérèse of the Child Jesus), born Marie-Françoise-Thérèse Martin, was a Roman Catholic nun who was canonised as a saint, and is one of only 33 Doctors of the...

In 1935, Édith was discovered by the nightclub owner Louis Leplée whose club was frequented by the upper and lower classes alike. He convinced Édith to sing despite her extreme nervousness, and gave her the nickname that would stay with her for the rest of her life: La Môme Piaf (The Little Sparrow). From this she took her stage name. Her first record was produced in the same year. Shortly thereafter, Leplée was murdered and Piaf was accused of being an accessory; she was acquitted. 1935 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ...

In 1940, Jean Cocteau wrote the successful play Le Bel Indifférent for her to star in. She began to make friends with famous people, such as the actor Maurice Chevalier and the poet Jacques Borgeat. She wrote the lyrics of many of her songs, and collaborated with composers on the tunes. 1940 was a leap year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... Jean Maurice Eugène Clément Cocteau (July 5, 1889 – October 11, 1963) was a French poet, novelist, dramatist, designer, and filmmaker. ... Maurice Chevalier (September 12, 1888 - January 1, 1972) was a French actor and popular entertainer. ...

Her signature song, La Vie en Rose, (that was voted a Grammy Hall of Fame Award in 1998) was written in the middle of the German occupation of Paris in World War II. During this time, she was in great demand and very successful. Singing for high-ranking Germans at the One Two Two Club earned Édith Piaf the right to pose for photos with French prisoners of war, ostensibly as a morale-boosting exercise. Once in possession of their celebrity photos, prisoners were able to cut out their own images and use them in forged papers as part of escape plans. Today, Édith Piaf's association with the French Resistance is well known and many owe their lives to her. After the war, Piaf toured Europe, the United States, and South America, becoming an internationally known figure. Her popularity in the U.S. was such that she appeared on the Ed Sullivan Show eight times. The Grammy Hall of Fame Award is a special Grammy award established in 1973 to honor recordings that are at least twenty-five years old and that have qualitative or historical significance. Alphabetical listing by title: List of Grammy Hall of Fame Award recipients A-D List of Grammy Hall... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... Geneva Convention definition A prisoner of war (POW) is a soldier, sailor, airman, or marine who is imprisoned by an enemy power during or immediately after an armed conflict. ... The French Resistance is the name used for resistance movements that fought military occupation of France by Nazi Germany and the resulting Vichy France during World War II after France surrendered in 1940. ... World map showing location of Europe A satellite composite image of Europe Europe is geologically and geographically a peninsula, forming the westernmost part of Eurasia. ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ... The Ed Sullivan Show was an American television variety show that ran from June 20, 1948, to June 6, 1971, and was hosted by Ed Sullivan. ...

She helped to launch the career of Charles Aznavour, taking him on tour with her in France and the United States. Portrait of Charles Aznavour. ...

Piaf had one child, a daughter, Marcelle, who died at the age of two in 1935; the child's father was Louis Dupont. The great love of Piaf's life, the boxer Marcel Cerdan, died in 1949. Piaf was married twice. Her first husband was Jacques Pills, a singer; they married in 1952 and divorced in 1956. Her second husband, Theophanis Lamboukas (a.k.a. Théo Sarapo), was a hairdresser-turned-singer and actor, and was twenty years younger than Piaf; they married in 1962. 1935 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Marcel Cerdan (July 22, 1916 - October 27, 1949) was a French world boxing champion who was considered by many boxing experts and fans to be Frances and Europes greatest boxer, and by many more fans to be one of the best to come out of that continent. ... 1949 is a common year starting on Saturday. ... 1952 - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... 1956 was a leap year starting on Sunday. ... Theophanis Lamboukas (a. ... 1962 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ...

In 1951 she was in a car accident and thereafter had difficulty breaking a serious morphine habit. 1951 was a common year starting on Monday; see its calendar. ...

The grave of Édith Piaf, in Père Lachaise Cemetery, Paris

The Paris Olympia is the place where Édith Piaf achieved fame and where, just a few months before her death, she gave one of her most memorable concerts while barely able to stand. In early 1963, Édith recorded her last song, L'homme de Berlin. Download high resolution version (600x819, 105 KB)The grave of Edith Piaf (1915-1963) in Pere Lachaise Cemetery, Paris. ... Download high resolution version (600x819, 105 KB)The grave of Edith Piaf (1915-1963) in Pere Lachaise Cemetery, Paris. ... An 1898 Olympia poster from the Maitres de lAffiche series Paris Olympia is a music hall at 28, Blvd. ... 1963 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ...

Piaf died of cancer in Cannes on October 11, 1963 at the age of only 47, the same day as her friend Jean Cocteau. She was buried in Père Lachaise Cemetery, Paris. Although forbidden a Mass by the Roman Catholic archbishop of Paris (because of her lifestyle), her funeral procession drew hundreds of thousands of mourners onto the streets of Paris and the ceremony at the cemetery was jammed with more than forty thousand fans. Charles Aznavour recalled that Piaf's funeral procession was the only time, since the end of World War II, that Parisian traffic came to a complete stop. When normal cells are damaged or old they undergo apoptosis; cancer cells, however, avoid apoptosis. ... The seaside town of Cannes, in southern France, as seen from a ferry speeding towards lîle Saint Honorat Cannes (Canas in Provençal) (pronounced ) is a city and commune in southern France, located on the French Riviera, in the Alpes-Maritimes département. ... October 11 is the 284th day of the year (285th in Leap years). ... 1963 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Jean Maurice Eugène Clément Cocteau (July 5, 1889 – October 11, 1963) was a French poet, novelist, dramatist, designer, and filmmaker. ... The Cimetière du Père Lachaise is the largest cemetery in Paris, and one of the most famous cemeteries in the world. ... The Roman Catholic Church is the largest religious denomination of Christianity with over one billion members. ... In Christianity, an archbishop is an elevated bishop heading a diocese of particular importance due to either its size, history, or both, called an archdiocese. ... Portrait of Charles Aznavour. ...

There is a museum dedicated to Piaf, the Musée Édith Piaf (http://www.paris.org/Musees/Piaf/info.html) at 5, rue Crespin du Gast, 75011, Paris.

Today she is still remembered and revered as one of the greatest singers France has ever produced. Her life was one of sharp contrasts: the range of her fame as opposed to her tragic personal life, and her fragile small figure on stage with the resounding power of her voice.

See also

France has long been considered a center for European art and music. ...

External links

  • Les conquêtes de Piaf (http://www.lehall.com/galerie/piaf/index.htm)



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